Included you will find a glossary of common terms, procedures, yoga postures, and just about anything else related to my blog.
Common Skin Care Terms:
Acne – An inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands, characterized by blackheads and pimples, particularly on the face, back, and chest, and, in severe cases, by cysts and nodules resulting in scarring. There are 4 grades of acne.
Antioxidant- Any substance capable of inhibiting oxidation. Oxidation can produce free radicals.
Allergy- An abnormal reaction of the body to a previously encountered allergen introduced by inhalation, ingestion, injection, or skin contact.
Astringent- A substance that cleans the skin and constricts the pores.
Botanical- A substance derived or extracted from a plant.
Collagen- A fibrous protein in the skin that gives it its firmness. When the collagen fibers are stretched or strained, the skin loses its elasticity and the area wrinkles, sags and becomes flaccid.
Dermatitis- Inflammation of the skin.
Dermis- Connective tissue layer under the epidermis. Contains blood vessels, nerves, glands and hair follicles.
Elastin- An essential constituent of every living cell. Derived from whole, natural protein. Provides skin protection and helps retard loss of moisture from the skin.
Elasticity- Flexibility. The ability of your skin to stretch and bounce back.
Emollient- An ingredient that softens, smoothes and moisturizes the skin.
Emulsifier- An agent used to combine two liquids that ordinarily do not mix, such as oil and water, and prevent separation.
Epidermis- The outermost layer of the skin where skin cells are formed, mature and die. The layer of the skin that you can touch.
Essential Oils- Oils extracted from plants possessing the odor and other characteristic properties of that plant.
Exfoliant- A product that is used to remove dead cells from the skin’s surface.
Exfoliation- The process of removing dead cells from the skin’s surface.
Free radicals- Unstable reactive molecules that act as scavengers to invade a healthy cell and make it unhealthy. They are generated through UV exposure, smoke, and other pollutants and can be prevented primarily through the use of antioxidants and sunblock.
Follicle- A deep, narrow, tube-like channel in which a hair grows. The opening of the channel on the skin surface is the pore.
Humectant- A substance that promotes moisture retention.
Hydrate- To add moisture (water).
Hypoallergenic- Formulated to reduce the chance of allergic reactions by avoiding ingredients which are most likely to cause these problems.
Keratin- A tough, fibrous protein found in the surface cells of the skin, hair and nails.
Lipids- Fatty substances that help bond skin cells together and strengthen the skin. Lipids also help skin retain moisture.
Melanin The pigment produced by the skin cells known as melanocytes. The amount and size of the melanin cells is what determines the skin’s color and tone.
Milia- small white bumps (pimples) that resemble grains of sand underneath the skin. They must be lanced in order to be removed.
Non-comedogenic- Non-clogging; Non-blackhead producing.
Papule: A solid raised, red skin lesion (pimple).
pH- The measure of acidity in a substance.
Pustule: A papule with pus.
Sebum- Oil produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin.
Solvent- An agent capable of dissolving other substances. Water is the most common solvent.
Surfactant- Lowers surface tension in products and allows for easier spreading. Detergents, emulsifiers, and foaming agents are all examples of surfactants.
Four Grades of Acne
Grade 1: Mildest form of acne with no inflammation. Characterized by small, occasional pimples (blackheads, milia).
Grade 2: Moderate acne with slight inflammation. Blackheads and milia occur in greater numbers as well as papules (red inflamed bumps) and pustules (papules with pus).
Grade 3: Sever acne with noticeable redness and inflammation. Papules and pustules have developed in greater numbers, and nodules will be present.
Grade 4: Most severe form of acne, referred to as cystic acne. Characterized by numerous papules, pustules, and nodules, in addition to cysts. There is a pronounced amount of inflammation and breakouts are severe. This form of acne should only be treated by a Dermatologist.
The ABCDE’s of Skin Cancer
Asymmetry can be assessed by comparing one half of the growth to the other half to determine if the halves are equal in size and shape. If they look different, have it check by a Dermatologist.
If the mole’s border is irregular, notched, ragged, or indistinct, have it checked by a Dermatologist.
Variations and multiple colors or shades within a mole is a suspicious finding. As is a mole that has lightened or darkened. Have it checked by a Dermatologist.
Any mole that has a diameter larger than a pencil’s eraser should be checked out by a Dermatologist.
If a mole is elevated, or raised from the skin have it checked out by a Dermatologist.